Acontius, Jacobus (ca. 1500–ca. 1566)
Also known as Jacques Aconcio. Theologian, philosopher,
and engineer. Born in Trent, Tyrol, he became curate of that
diocese, then became a Calvinist in 1557. Acontius came to England
about two years later, where he dedicated his major work,
Stratagemata Satanae (The Stratagems of Satan), to Queen Elizabeth.
The book attributes all doctrines other than the Apostles’
Creed to Satan as stratagems to tempt mankind from truth.
However, the book was also a strong plea for religious toleration.
An English translation was first published in 1648 under
the title Satan’s Stratagems; or, The Devil’s Cabinet-Council Discovered.
a Los Angeles doctor, introduced a system of ear acupuncture
in which a special ‘‘gun’’ fires a surgical staple into the ear near
a particular acupuncture point, to help patients who want to
lose weight or stop smoking, drinking, or taking drugs. Whenever
the patient feels his craving coming on, he wiggles the staple,
and the craving apparently subsides.
A simple device for self-treatment of acupuncture points on
the back is the ‘‘MA-roller,’’ a specially shaped wooden rod, on
which the patient lies. It is marketed by Great Earth Therapeutics,
Forest Row, Sussex, England.
Acupuncture came into the West in 1928 when Soulie de
Morant, the French consul in China, returned home with the
texts he had translated into French and persuaded several doctors
to examine the practice. Interest grew steadily throughout
Europe and America after World War II. The Acupuncture International
Association was founded in 1949 by a group of nonconventional
physicians in the United States. J. R. Worsley established
the Chinese College of Acupuncture in England in
1960. However, the major opening for acupuncture in the West
came in the early 1970s, when the United States reestablished
friendly relations with the People’s Republic of China. In 1973
the National Institute of Health sponsored an Acupuncture Research
Conference, a signal of official approval for the testing
of acupuncture’s claims. Over the next few years a host of acupuncture
texts appeared, acupuncture associations formed,
and journals initiated.
The literature of acupuncture is extensive, and there are
now several journals devoted to the subject, including Acupuncture
News, American Journal of Acupuncture, and Journal of the Acupuncture
Association of Great Britain. The American Association
of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine may be contacted at
1424 16th St. NW, Washington, DC 20036. There is also an International
Veterinary Acupuncture Society at 2140 Conestoga
Rd., Chester Springs, PA 19425.
Sources:
Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. An Outline of Chinese
Acupuncture. New York: Pergamon Press, 1975; Peking:
Foreign Language Press, 1975.
Austin, Mary. Acupuncture Therapy. 2nd ed. New York: ASI
Publishers, 1972.
Dubrin, Stanley, and J. Keenan. Acupuncture and Your Health.
Chatsworth, Calif.: Books for Better Living, 1974.
Hashimoto, M. Japanese Acupuncture. New York: Liveright
Publishing, 1968; London: Thursons, 1966.
Mann, Felix. Acupuncture. New York: Random House, 1963;
London: W. Heinemann Medical Books, 1962.
Matsumoto, Teruo. Acupuncture for Physicians. Springfield,
Ill.: Thomas, 1974.
McGarey, William. Acupuncture and Body Energies. Phoenix,
Ariz.: Gabriel Press, 1974.
Nanking Army Ear Acupuncture Team. Ear Acupuncture: A
Chinese Medical Report. Emmaus, Pa.: Rodale Press, 1974.
Nightingale, Michael. The Healing Power of Acupuncture. New
York: Javalin Books, 1986.

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