American Association—Electronic Voice
The American Association—Electronic Voice Phenomena
was founded in 1972 by Sarah Estep to collect objective evidence
of survival after death. It describes itself as ‘‘a metaphysical
organization interested in spiritual evolvement.’’ Research
is primarily centered around what are called Raudive voices,
voices that seem to appear spontaneously on recording tapes
and purport to be the communications of the dead. Such
voices, first noticed in the late 1960s, became a well-known
phenomenon following the 1971 English publication of Latvian
psychologist Konstantin Raudive’s book, Breakthrough, in
which he claimed hundreds of such contacts with the deceased.
The association formed in direct response to the popularity of
Raudive’s findings. The group enjoyed great popularity in the
1980s and by the end of the decade had approximately 200
members. The association supports conferences and publishes
a quarterly newsletter. It may be contacted at 816 Midship Ct.,
Annapolis, MD 21401.
Ellis, D. T. The Mediumship of the Tape Recorder. Pulborough,
U.K. The Author, 1978.
Raudive, K. Breakthrough. New York Taplinger, 1971.

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