Artephius (d. ca. 1119)
A well-known exponent of Hermetic philosophy who died
in the twelfth century, and is said to have lived more than one
thousand years by means of alchemical secrets. François Pic
mentions the opinion of certain savants who affirmed that Artephius
was identical with Apollonius of Tyana, who was born
in the first century under that name and who died in the twelfth
century under that of Artephius.
Many extravagant and curious works are attributed to Artephius
De Vita Propaganda (The Art of Prolonging Life), which
he claims, in the preface, to have written at the age of 1,025
years; The Key to Supreme Wisdom; and a work on the character
of the planets, on the significance of the songs of birds, on
things past and future, and on the philosophers’ stone. Jerome
Cardan spoke of these books and believed that they were composed
by some practical joker who wished to play on the credulity
of the partisans of alchemy.
Some scholars have identified Artephius with the Arabic
poet and alchemist Al Toghrai, who died ca. 1119.
Sources
Patai, Raphael. The Jewish Alchemists. Princeton, N.J. Princeton
University Press, 1994.