A Gnostic sect founded by Basilides of Alexandria, who
claimed to have received his esoteric doctrines from Glaucias,
a disciple of the apostle Peter. Basilides recognized one supreme
being named Abraxas. The sect posited three grades of
existence—material, intellectual, and spiritual—and possessed
two allegorical statues, male and female. The doctrine had
many points of resemblance to that of the Ophites and the Jewish
Legge, Francis. Forerunners and Rivals of Christianity from 333
B.C. to 330 A.D. 2 vols. 1915. Reprint, New Hyde Park, N.Y. University
Books, 1964.