Chang, Garma Chen-Chi (1920– )
An authority on Buddhist philosophy, born in China and
educated at Kong-ka Monastery, eastern Tibet. Chang came to
the United States after World War II and was a research fellow
at the Bollingen Foundation in New York from 1955 onward.
He wrote a number of books, including The Practice of Zen
(1959), The Hundred Thousand Songs of Milarepa (1962), and The
Essential Teachings of the Tibetan Mysticism (1963). He also wrote
an important review of the book The Third Eye (1958), by Lopsang
Rampa, published in Tomorrow magazine as part of an exposé
of the author. Chang showed that Rampa’s knowledge of
Buddhism and Tibetan occultism was ‘‘inaccurate and superficial’’
and characterized the book as ‘‘interesting and highly
imaginative fiction.’’ This review appeared alongside a second
article, which noted that ‘‘Lopsang Rampa’’ had been born
Cyril Henry Hoskins, son of a British plumber.
Chang, Garma Chen-Chi. Esoteric Teachings of the Tibetan
Tantra. Lausanne, Switzerland Falcon’s Wing Press, 1961.
———. Teachings of Tibetan Yoga. New Hyde Park, N.Y. University
Books, 1963.
———. ‘‘Tibetan Phantasies.’’ Tomorrow 6, 2 (Spring 1958)
Chang, Garma Chen-Chi, ed. The Hundred Thousand Songs
of Milarepa. New Hyde Park, N.Y. University Books, 1962. Reprint,
Boulder, Colo. Shambhala, 1977.