Cummins, Geraldine Dorothy (18901969)
Medium, channel, and Spiritualist author. Cummins was
born January 24, 1890 in Cork, Ireland, the daughter of Prof.
Ashley Cummins. She had a modest education yet was well traveled.
The development of her mediumship began in December
1923 in sittings with Miss E. B. Gibbes. Ordinarily her work of
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology 5th Ed. Cummins, Geraldine Dorothy
composition was very slow, but her automatic writing speed
was remarkable. On March 16, 1926, for example, she channeled
1,750 words in one hour and five minutes.
Her first books, beginning with The Spirits of Cleophas (1928),
claimed to supplement the biblical books of the Acts of the Apostles
and the epistles of St. Paul. It was a historic narrative of the
early church and the work of the apostles from immediately
after the death of Jesus to St. Pauls departure from Berea for
In the production of the first two sections of the book, Cummins
was associated with F. Bligh Bond, but she received the
scripts independently afterward. In her second volume, Paul in
Athens (1930), the narrative is taken up and continued. The
third, The Great Days of Ephesus (1933), followed the same line
The production of these automatic scripts was witnessed by
several theologians, and the scholars who edited her books endorsed
their intrinsic merit. They offered new interpretations
of several obscure passages in the Acts of the Apostles, apparently
showing close acquaintance with the early church and that
age. For example, it was claimed that only a profound student
could have given the head of the Jewish community in Antioch
the title Archon, because the usual title was ethnarch not
long before the time referred to in the chronicle of Cleophas.
Cleophas was not the immediate agent in the production of the
scripts. They came through the messenger. A total of seven
scribes were said to be guided by Cleophas. The chronicle stated
that it had been used in the early church but the existing few
copies had perished. A more skeptical approach was adopted
by Rodger I. Anderson, who examined Cumminss work in an
article for Theta in 1983.
Cumminss fourth book, The Road to Immortality (1932), a series
of communications purportedly from F. W. H. Myers,
gives a stupendous vision of the progression of the human spirit
through eternity. Sir Oliver Lodge offered his observations
of Cumminss genuineness in the books preface I believe this
to be a genuine attempt to convey approximately true ideas,
through an amanuensis of reasonable education, characterized
by ready willingness for devoted service, and of transparent
Cummins wrote a detailed study of her automatic scripts received
from the deceased Mrs. Willett (pseudonym of Winifred
Coombe-Tennant) in the Swan on a Black Sea; a Study in
Automatic Writing; the Cummins-Willett Scripts (1970). This highly
regarded work contains a foreword by parapsychologist Professor
C. D. Broad. Cummins also wrote The Fate of Colonel Fawcett
(1955), dealing with psychically acquired information about the
fate of the famous missing explorer, and worked with doctors
on a project to heal neurotic patients through extrasensory exploration
of the subconscious mind. Her book Unseen Adventures
(1951) contains autobiographical material. Cummins died
on August 24, 1969.
Anderson, R. I. The Mediumship of Geraldine Cummins.
Theta 11, 3 (Autumn 1983).
Connell, R., and Geraldine Cummins. Perceptive Healing.
London Psychic Book Club. 1945.
Cummins, Geraldine. Beyond Human Personality. London
Psychic Press, 1935. Revised edition, 1952.
. The Fate of Colonel Fawcett. London, 1955.
. The Road to Immortality. London Ivor Nicholson &
. Swan on a Black Sea a Study in Automatic Writing the
Cummins-Willett Scripts. New York Samuel Weiser, 1970.
. Travelers in Eternity. Compiled by E. B. Gibbs. London
Psychic Press, 1984.
. Unseen Adventures. London Rider, 1951.
Heywood, Rosalind. Notes on the Mediumship of Geraldine
Cummins. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research
45, 746 (December 1970).
Cummins, Geraldine Dorothy (18901969)