Eliade, Mircea (1907–1986)
Noted scholar on the history of religions and for many years
a professor at the University of Chicago. Eliade was born March
9, 1907, in Bucharest, Romania, and was educated at the University
of Bucharest (M.A., 1928; Ph.D., 1933) and the University
of Calcutta. He was a cultural counselor for the Romanian
Legation, Lisbon (1941–44) during World War II, and after
hostilities ended he became a visiting professor at the Ecole des
Hautes Etudes, the Sorbonne, Paris (1946–49), before moving
to the University of Chicago, where he served first as the Haskell
lecturer (1956) and later as a professor.
From his broad examination of the religious life of various
peoples and his study of the nature of religious experience,
Eliade wrote several important books dealing with topics related
to parapsychology and the occult. He is most remembered
for his studies of alchemy and shamanism and the monumental
Encyclopedia of Religion (1987), which he edited during the
last years of his life. He died April 22, 1986.
Sources
Eliade, Mircea. 1907 to 1937 Journey East, Journey West. Vol.
1 of Autobiography. San Francisco Harper & Row, 1981.
———. Forgerons et alchemistes. 1956. Translated as The Forge
and the Crucible. New York Harper & Brothers, 1962.
———. Occultism, Witchcraft and Cultural Fashion Essays in
Comparative Religion. Chicago University of Chicago Press,
1976.
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology • 5th Ed. Eliade, Mircea
491
———. Patanjali et le Yoga. 1962. Translated as Patanjali and
Yoga. New York Funk and Wagnall’s, 1969.
———. Shamanism Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Princeton,
N.J. Princeton University Press, 1964.
———. Two Tales of the Occult. New York Herder and Herder,
1970.
———. Le Yoga Immortalité et liberté. 1954. Translated as
Yoga Immortality and Freedom. New York Pantheon Books,
1958.
———. De Zalmoxis à Genghis Khan. 1970. Translated as Zalmoxis,
the Vanishing God. Chicago University of Chicago Press,
1972.
Eliade, Mircea, ed. Encyclopedia of Religion. 16 vols. New
York Macmillian, 1987.
Richetts, M. L., and Mircea Eliade. The Romanian Roots,
1907–1945. 2 vols., Eastern European Monographs, distributed
by New York Columbia University Press, 1988.

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