The magic incantations used by John Dee and Edward Kelley
in the sixteenth century to invoke angels or elementary
spirits. The Enochian language, in which the calls were spoken,
has a consistent grammar and syntax and curiously impressive
There are 19 Enochian calls or keys. The first two conjure
spirits; the next 16 the elements earth, fire, air, water; the nineteenth
any of the 30 Aethyrys. The calls were supposed to
have been dictated backward to Kelley, as direct communication
from the angels would have invoked forces that were too
In 1912 magician Aleister Crowley, in the company of Victor
Neuburg, worked a series of magic operations using the Enochian
calls. During the midst of these Crowley discovered the
principles of what he would later develop into a system of sex
magic. He recorded his work in a lengthy article originally
published in his journal Equinox and later published a separate
book The Vision and the Voice. The writings of Crowley made Enochian
magic widely known to twentieth-century magicians,
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology 5th Ed. Enochian Calls
several of whom have developed it as a variation of modern ceremonial
magic. Among those who have discovered and utilized
Enochian magic is Anton LaVey, who adapted it to his Satanic
system as described in his book The Satanic Bible (1969).
Crowley, Aleister. The Vision and the Voice. Dallas, Tex. Sangreal
LaVey, Anton S. The Satanic Bible. New York Avon, 1969.
Regardie, Israel. Enochian Dictionary. Dallas, Tex. Sangreal
Schueler, Gerald J. An Advanced Guide to Enochian Magic A
Complete Manual for Angelic Magic. St. Paul, Minn. Llewellyn
. Enochian Magic A Practical Manual. St. Paul, Minn.
Llewellyn Publications, 1985.
. Enochian Physics The Structure of the Magical Universe.
St. Paul, Minn. Llewellyn Publications, 1988.
Turner, Robert. Elizabethan Magic. Londmead, Dorset, England
Element Books, 1989.
Zalewski, Patrick J. Golden Dawn Enochian Magic. St. Paul,
Minn. Llewellyn Publications, 1990.