Pioneer British scholarly society for the study of oral traditions
and cultures, founded in 1878. The term folklore was
coined by the antiquary W. J. Thomas (18031885) to denote
old-world manners, customs, and popular superstitions. The
Folklore Society has as its objectives to promote research into
and recording of popular traditions, legendary ballads, local
proverbial sayings, superstitions, and old customs, both British
and foreign, as well as other related subjects. Over the years
many distinguished scholars have been associated with the society,
including Max Müller, E. B. Tylor, and Andrew Lang. In
1912 Sir William Crookes, famous for his research in Spiritualism,
was president of the society.
The society publishes a biannual journal, Folklore (founded
as Folk-Lore Record in 1878), a newsletter, and various books
and pamphlets on various aspects of folklore. Address: University
College, Gower St., London, WC1E 6BT, England.