Ha-Levi, Judah ben Samuel (ca. 1085–ca.
Celebrated Jewish theologian and mystic. Born in Tuledo,
Spain, Ha-Levi became a prominent physician known for poetry
celebrating Jerusalem and the Land of Zion. Ha-Levi seems
to have had some conception of elementary spirits, for he said
that some angels are ‘‘created for the time being, out of the subtle
elements of matter.’’ He was chiefly noted for his liturgical
hymns, used extensively in Sephardic rites.

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