Haraldsson, Erlendur (1931– )
Icelandic psychologist and parapsychologist, born in 1931
near Reykjavik, Iceland. Haraldsson graduated from Reykjavik
Gymnasium in 1954, studied languages and philosophy at the
University of Edinburgh, Scotland (1955–56), and completed
his studies at the University of Freiburg, Germany (1957–58).
Hansel, C(harles) E(dward) M(ark) Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology • 5th Ed.
He was a journalist for a few years in Reykjavik, then worked
as a freelance writer in Berlin, the Middle East, and India.
After being away from school for a number of years, he returned
to college to study psychology at the University of Freiburg
(1964–66) and then at the University of Munich
(1966–69), where he graduated with an advanced degree in
psychology. While completing a doctorate, he spent two years
in the United States as first a research fellow at the Institute for
Parapsychology in Durham, North Carolina (1969–70), and
then as an intern in clinical psychology in the Department of
Psychiatry at the University of Virginia Medical School
(1970–71). He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Freiburg
(under parapsychologist Hans Bender) in February 1972.
His dissertation dealt with vasomotor reactions as indicators of
extrasensory perception.
Haraldsson returned to the United States for two years
(1972–74) as a research associate at the American Society for
Psychical Research (ASPR) before assuming a position in psychology
at the University of Iceland. Over the years he contributed
many papers to Journal of the ASPR, the Journal of the Society
for Psychical Research (SPR), London, and other
publications. His interests ranged from the phenomena of Sri
Sathya Sai Baba to ESP scores to psychic healing in Iceland and
the investigation of mediums. He is best known for his work
with Karlis Osis of the ASPR on deathbed observations.
Berger, Arthur S., and Joyce Berger. The Encyclopedia of
Parapsychology and Psychical Research. New York Paragon
House, 1991.
Haraldsson, Erlendur. Miracles Are My Visiting Cards An Investigative
Report on Psychic Phenomena Associated with Sri Sathya
Sai Baba. 1978. Reprinted as Modern Miracles. New York Fawcett
Columbine, 1988.
———. ‘‘Representative National Surveys of Psychic Phenomena
Iceland, Great Britain, Sweden, USA and Gallup’s
Multinational Survey.’’ Journal of the Society for Psychical Research
53, no. 801.
———. ‘‘The Sai Baba Enigma.’’ In Miracles, edited by Martin
Ebon. New York New American Library, 1981.
Haraldsson, Erlendur, and L. R. Gissurarson. ‘‘The Icelandic
Medium Indridi Indridason.’’ Proceedings of the Society for
Psychical Research 57 (1989).
Osis, Karlis, and Erlendur Haraldsson. At the Hour of Death.
New York Avon, 1977. Rev. ed. New York Hastings House,
———. ‘‘Deathbed Observations by Physicians and Nurses
A Cross-cultural Survey.’’ In Signet Handbook of Parapsychology,
edited by Martin Ebon. New York New American Library,