Hartmann, Franz (1838–1912)
Noted Theosophist and writer on occultism. Hartmann was
born November 22, 1838, in Bavaria, Germany, though he
claimed descent on his mother’s side from the old Irish kings
of Ulster. He became a physician and immigrated to the United
States in 1865, traveling as a doctor to various cities and also
visiting Indian tribes and studying their religious beliefs. He
became interested in Spiritualism and later corresponded with
leading Theosophists after the founding of the Theosophical
Society in 1875.
Hartmann was invited to the society’s headquarters at
Adyar, India, where he lived during the furor over Helena Petrovna
Blavatsky’s alleged miracle working. He published his
own Report of Observations During a Nine Months’ Stay at the Headquarters
of the Theosophical Society at Adyar (Madras), India (1884).
When Richard Hodgson of the Society for Psychical Research,
London, published his devastating exposure of claimed
trickery and fraudulent phenomena by Blavatsky in 1885,
Hartmann accompanied her to Europe and then returned to
his hometown in Bavaria. There he claimed to have encountered
a sect of secret Rosicrucians from whom he acquired
many mystical insights. He was president of the Theosophical
Society in Germany for a brief period, but eventually resigned
to found independent societies. During his later years he spent
much time in the Untersberg Mountains near Salzburg, Austria,
where he believed he encountered gnomes, water nymphs,
and other nature spirits and also wrote his more memorable
books. He died at Kempten, Bavaria, August 7, 1912.
Hart, Hornell (Norris) Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology • 5th Ed.
Hartmann, Franz. An Adventure Among the Rosicrucians. Boston
Occult Publishing, 1887.
———. In the Pronaos of the Temple of Wisdom. London Theosophical
Society, 1890. Reprint, Chicago Aries Press, 1941.
———. Life and Doctrines of Paracelsus. N.p., 1891.
———. Magic, Black and White. 1885. Reprint, New Hyde
Park, N.Y. University Books, 1970.
———. Occult Science in Medicine. N.p., 1893.
———. The Principles of Astrological Geomancy. Boston Occult
Publishing, 1889. Reprint, Mokulumne Hill, Calif. Health Research,
———. Report of Observations During a Nine Months’ Stay at the
Headquarters of the Theosophical Society at Adyar (Madras), India.
Madras, India Scottish Press, 1884.

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