Hoffer, Abram (1917– )
Psychiatrist who studied the effect of psychedelic drugs on
human consciousness. Hoffer was born on November 11, 1917,
in Saskatchewan, Canada. He studied successively at the UniHoebens,
Piet Hein Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology • 5th Ed.
versity of Saskatchewan (B.S., 1938; M.S., 1940), the University
of Minnesota (Ph.D., 1944), and the University of Toronto
(M.D., 1945). After graduation he took a position as director
of psychiatric research in the Psychiatric Services Branch, Department
of Public Health, Saskatchewan.
Hoffer began work on the effects of hallucinogens in the
1950s. In 1959 he addressed the Conference on Parapsychology
and Psychedelics in New York, and in the following year
published, with Humphrey Osmond, the Chemical Concepts of
Psychiatry (1960). He and Osmond also worked together on
Hallucinogens (1967) and both contributed to Clinical and Other
Uses of the Hoffer-Osmond Diagnostic Test (1975).
In the 1970s he concentrated his research on problems of
nutrition. His books include How to Live with Schizophrenia
(1978), Orthomolecular Nutrition (with Morton Walker, 1978),
Nutrients to Age Without Senility (1980), and Ortho-Molecular Nutrition
(with Morton Walker, 1981).
Hoffer, Abram, and Humphrey Osmond. Megavitamin Therapy
In Reply to the American Psychiatric Association Task Force Report
on Megavitamins and Orthomolecular Psychiatry. Regina,
Sask., Canada Canadian Schizophrenia Foundation, 1976.
Pleasants, Helene, ed. Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology.
New York Helix Press, 1964.