Honorton, Charles (1946–1992)
Parapsychologist. Born at Deer River, Minnesota, in 1946,
Honorton studied at the University of Minnesota from 1965 to
1966, during which time he was research coordinator for the
Minnesota Society for Psychic Research. In 1966 he became a
research fellow at the Institute for Parapsychology, Foundation
for Research on the Nature of Man, and the following year was
named a senior research associate at the Maimonides Medical
Center Dream Laboratory. A short time later he became the director
of research and joined with Stanley Krippner and Montague
Ullman in receiving the first federal grant for research
in parapsychology, from the Public Health Service, National
Institute of Mental Health. In 1979 Honorton became director
of the Psychophysical Research Laboratories in Princeton, New
Jersey.
Honorton has written widely on parapsychological subjects
but is best known for his experiments with the Ganzfeld setting,
a procedure that establishes an environment of reduced
sensory alertness. (Strong sensory input is believed to impede
ESP.) Honorton has argued that the Ganzfeld procedure is the
most effective way to produce the kind of repeated ESP results
parapsychology seeks. The Parapsychology Association
awarded Honorton its Exceptional Contribution Award in
1988. In 1990 however, the published results of extensive tests
of an automated nature met with continued criticism by Dr. Ray
Hyman.
Honorton was a longtime member of the Parapsychological
Association. He served on its council and held the offices of secretary,
vice president, and president (1975). He was also a
member of the Board of Trustees of the American Society for
Psychical Research. Honorton died in 1992.
Sources
Honorton, Charles. ‘‘Has Science Developed the Competence
to Confront Claims of the Paranormal’’ In Research in
Parapsychology 1975, edited by J. D. Morris, W. G. Roll, and R.
L. Morris. New York Parapsychological Association, 1976.
———. ‘‘Meta-Analysis of Psi Ganzfield Research A Response
to Hyman. Journal of Parapsychology 49 (1981).
———. ‘‘Psi-Mediated Imagery and Ideation in an Experimental
Procedure for Regulating Perceptual Input.’’ Journal of
the American Society for Psychical Research 68 (1974).
———. ‘‘Separation of High- and Low-Scoring ESP Subjects
Through Hypnotic Preparation.’’ Journal of Parapsychology 28
(1964).
———. ‘‘Significant Factors in Hypnotically-Induced Clairvoyant
Dreams.’’ Journal of the American Society for Psychical
Research 66 (1972).
———. ‘‘State of Awareness Factors in Psi Activation.’’ Journal
of the American Society for Psychical Research 68 (1974).