Jacks, L(awrence) P(earsall) (1860–1955)
British author and professor of philosophy who investigated
psychical phenomena. He was born on October 9, 1860, at Nottingham,
England. He was educated at University School, Nottingham;
London University (M.A., 1886); Manchester College;
and Harvard. He became a professor of philosophy at
Manchester College, Oxford, in 1903, and for many years
served as principal (1915–31).
Jacks served as president of the Society for Psychical Research,
London (1917–18), and as vice president (1909–55).
He was particularly concerned with the relationship of psychical
research to philosophy. He also sat with a number of mediums,
including Gladys Osborne Leonard, one of the outstanding
British trance mediums. After an active life that included
writing several books and a number of articles, Jacks died February
17, 1955.
Berger, Arthur S., and Joyce Berger. The Encyclopedia of
Parapsychology and Psychical Research. New York Paragon
House, 1991.
Jacks, L. P. All Men Are Ghosts. London Williams & Norgate,
———. The Confessions of an Octogenarian. N.p., 1942.
———. ‘‘Dramatic Dreams, an Unexplored Field for Psychical
Research.’’ Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 17
———. Elemental Religion. New York Harper, 1934.
———. The Inner Sentinel. New York; London Harper &
Brothers, 1930.
———. My American Friends. London Constable & Co. Ltd,
1933; New York Macmillian, 1933.
———. My Neighbour the Universe. N.p., 1928.
———. Near the Brink. London Allen & Unwin, 1955.
———. ‘‘Presidential Address The Theory of Survival in the
Light of Its Context.’’ Proceedings of the Society for Psychical
Research 29 (1918).
Pleasants, Helene, ed. Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology.
New York Helix Press, 1964.