A term applied in a variety of ways by non-African writers to
describe various features and sometimes even the whole of the
system of African traditional tribal religion andor magic practice.
It is a French word meaning ‘‘little doll.’’ Like fetishism, it
is a term that has been abandoned in the contemporary discussion
of African religion.
King, Noel Q. African Cosmos An Introduction to Religion in Africa.
Belmont, Calif. Wadsworth, 1986.
Parrinder, Geoffrey. African Traditional Religion. Westport,
Conn. Greenwood Press, 1962.
Peek, Philip M., ed. African Divination Systems. Bloomington
Indiana University Press, 1991.