Kapila (ca. sixth century B.C.E.)
Celebrated Hindu sage and founder of the Sankya school of
philosophy. He is believed by some Hindus to be the god Vishnu
in the fifth of his 24 incarnations.
The Sankya system seeks to explain the creation of the phenomenal
universe and the part played by spirit and matter
(purusha and prakriti) and to harmonize rational analysis and
the religious authority of the Vedas. It is the oldest of the
Hindu philosophical systems and is regarded as the cornerstone
of Hindu philosophy. The yoga system popularized in
the Yoga Sutras of the sage Patanjali (ca. 200 B.C.E.) is based on
the Sankya system.
Sources
Bahadur, Krishna Prakash. The Wisdom of Saankhya. New
Delhi, India Sterling, 1978.
Prabhupada, Swami A. C. Bhaktivedanta. Teachings of Lord
Kapila The Son of Devahuti. New York Bhaktivedanta Book
Trust, 1977.

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