The sprites or fairies of German folklore. They are of two
kinds. The first is a household sprite like the English brownie,
helping with the housework if properly fed and treated, but
mischievous, playing pranks on people. Kobolds are often
given names, like ‘‘Chimmeken,’’ ‘‘Heinze,’’ or ‘‘Walther.’’ The
second type are underground sprites who haunt caves and
mines and are often evil and malicious. The metallurgist
George Landmann describes these spirits in his book De Animatibus
subterraneis (1657). (See also Elementary Spirits; Knockers)

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