Kuvalayananda, Swami (1883–1966)
Famous Indian pioneer of the scientific study of hatha yoga.
He was born Jagannath Ganesh Gune on August 30, 1883, at
Dabhoi, Baroda. His first language was Marathi, but all of his
publications on yoga in English. He was a noted scholar, educationist,
and national freedom fighter. He organized the
Khandesh Education Society in 1916 and was principal of the
society’s college (1921–23). He chaired the Physical Education
Committee, appointed by the Bombay Board of Physical Education,
and was a member of the Central Advisory Board of
Physical Education.
Gune was one of Paramahamsa Shree Madhavadasji Maharaj’s
two major students at Malsar, on the banks of the river
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology • 5th Ed. Kuvalayananda, Swami
Narmada in Gujarat State. Paramahamsa Madhavadasji
trained Gune and Shri Yogendra in yoga, which had died out
in most of India; Paramahansa Madhavadasji was the major advocate
of its revival. Yogendra founded a yoga center in Bombay,
and Gune worked at it until 1932. He then left to found
the Yogic Health Center at Santa Cruz, Bombay; new premises
were secured in 1935 and the center was renamed Ishwardas
Chunilal Yoga Health Centre, Kaivalyadhama. Later a spiritual
center was added at Kanakesvara Hill in the Kolaba district of
Bombay. An additional center, the Kaivalyadhama Saurashtra
Mandal, was established in Rajkot in 1943.
By the end of 1943 it was decided to divide the main organization
into two wings Kaivalyadhama Ashrama with emphasis
on spiritual development, and Kaivalyadhama Sreeman Madhava
Yoga Mandira (SMYM) Samhiti at Lonavla, Poona, specializing
in the medical and scientific investigation of yoga. The
latter wing was officially recognized as a research institute by
the government of Bombay and by Bombay State.
Since 1935 the Kaivalyadhama SMYM Samhiti has published
the Yoga-Mimamsa journal, edited by Swami Kuvalayananda,
with both popular and scientific sections devoted to the
serious study of yoga.
Kuvalayananda, Swami. Asanas. Lonavla (C.R.), India YogaMimamsa
Office. Reprinted as Popular Yoga Asanas. Rutland,
Vt. C. E. Tuttle, 1972.
———. Pranayama. Lonavla (C.R.), India Yoga-Mimamsa
Office. Reprint, Bombay Popular Prakashan, 1966.
Melton, J. Gordon, Jerome Clark, and Aidan Kelly. New Age
Encyclopedia. Detroit Gale Research, 1990.

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