l’Ordre de la Rose Croix Catholicque, du
Temple et du Graal
French Rosicrucian order founded in 1890 by Joséphin
Péledan (1858–1918). Péladan had been one of the founders
of l’Ordre Kabbalistique de la Rosecroix, but left because he
found himself in unresolvable conflict with the other leaders
over his religious faith. Péladan was a strict Roman Catholic
and possessed a hope of bringing occultism back under the
guidance of the church. Through his new order he hoped to
carry out works of mercy that would lead members to prepare
for the reign of the Holy Spirit.
Like previous groups, Péladan’s order had three grades that
he termed equerries, knights, and commanders. Commanders
were assigned one of the sephiroth of the Kabbalistic Tree.
The order enjoyed some success during Péladan’s life and
he led it in assuming a role in cultural nurturance. Beginning
in 1892 it sponsored a series of art exhibitions in Paris aimed
at restoring the cult of the ideal, with an emphasis on beauty
and tradition. The art displayed had a mystical or occult
theme. Péladan also did much to promote Richard Wagner’s
music in France. Unfortunately, for the art world, the order
died with Péladan’s death immediately after the end of World
War I.
Sources
Aubrun, R. G. Péladan. Paris Sansot, 1904.
McIntosh, Christopher. Éliphas Lévi and the French Occult Revival.
New York Samuel Weiser, 1972.
———. The Rose Cross Unveiled The History, Mythology and
Rituals of an Occult Order. Wellingborough, Northamptionshire,
UK Aquarian Press, 1980.
Péladan, Joséphin. Comment on devient mage. Paris, 1892.
———. La decadence esrhétique. Paris Dalou, 1888.
———. Le Vice supreme. Paris Labrairie de la Presse, Laurens,
1886.