A term meaning ‘‘light bringer,’’ from the Latin ‘‘lux’’ and
‘‘ferre,’’ which appears in the Latin Vulgate Bible as a translation
of the Hebrew word helel. The name appears in Isa. 1412,
where the king of Babylon is compared to Lucifer (or the planet
Venus, the morning star) as one fallen from heaven. In the
third century C.E., Lucifer was identified with Satan, and Luke
1018, which speaks of Satan falling from heaven, was seen as
a reference to the verse in Isaiah. In the West, Lucifer also survived
as an independent spirit being.
According to the old magicians, Lucifer was said to preside
over the East (possibly an identification with the morning star).
He was invoked on Mondays in a circle in the center of which
was written his name. As the price for appearing to the magician,
he asked only a mouse.
Other traditions state that Lucifer rules Europeans and Asiatics.
He sometimes appears in the shape of a beautiful child.
When he is angry his face is flushed, but there is nothing monstrous
about him.
He is, according to some students of demonology, the
grand justice of Hades, and as such is the first to be invoked by
witches in the Litanies of the Sabbat.
In his poetry John Milton pictured a most human Lucifer,
who existed as a potent force for good or evil, one who might
have done great good, intensely proud and exceedingly powerful.
The attempt to revive Lucifer in his pre-Christian positive
nature occurred in Theosophy. Early in the twentieth century,
the Theosophical Society named one of their prominent periodicals
Lucifer, and the Arcane School called its publishing
concern Lucis Publishing