A mystical diagram used in India and Tibet to attract spiritual
power or for meditation purposes. The term derives from
the Sanskrit word for ‘‘circle,’’ although a mandala may embody
various geometrical shapes.
The Swiss psychologist Carl G. Jung, who regarded the
mandala as an archetypal image from the deep unconscious
mind, investigated mandalas created spontaneously by psychological
patients. (See also yantra)
Tucci, Giuseppe. The Theory and Practice of the Mandala. London
n.p., 1961.
Wilhelm, Richard, and C. G. Jung. The Secret of the Golden
Flower A Chinese Book of Life. Rev. ed. New York Harcourt,
Brace, 1962. Reprint, New York Causeway Books, 1975

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