Murray, (George) Gilbert (Aime)
Born on January 2, 1866, Murray was a Regius Professor of
Greek at Oxford University who was a leader in the psychical
research community in early twentieth-century England. He
believed he had the capacity for thought-transference and declared
in an interview for the Sunday Express in the summer of
1929, that he discovered his thought-reading faculty by accident
while playing guessing games with his children. At the insistence
of his wife, Murray commenced experimenting with
Ultimately he became a famous figure in psychical research
for his experiments in thought-transference with investigator
Eleanor Sidgwick, the results of which were published in the
1924 Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research. Sidgwick
considered these findings ‘‘perhaps the most important
ever brought to the notice of the society.’’
Murray was president of the Society for Psychical Research,
London, 1915–16. He did not believe in communication with
the dead, but he had reached an agreement with psychologist
William James that there exists a ‘‘stream of consciousness,
with a vivid centre and dim edges.’’ In moments of inattentiveness,
subconscious impressions register themselves and afterward
form a sort of dim memory, which may account for certain
phases of clairvoyance. Murray suspected that around our perEncyclopedia
of Occultism & Parapsychology • 5th Ed. Murray, (George) Gilbert (Aime)
ceptions is a fringe of still more delicate sensing apparatus. The
‘‘feelers’’ of this apparatus are constantly registering contacts
with their surroundings, but the impressions are too weak to
enter the field of normal consciousness. This fringe of consciousness
is the key to telepathy.
In addition, Murray published a number of books concerned
with Greek traditions in literature and poetry. He died
at Oxford, England, May 20, 1957.
Essays in Honor of Gilbert Murray. Freeport, N.Y. Books for
Libraries Press, 1972.
Murray, Gilbert. Gilbert Murray An Unfinished Autobiography.
London Allen and Unwin, 1960.
Sidgwick, Eleanor. ‘‘Report on Further Experiments in
Thought-Transference Carried Out by Professor Gilbert Murray,
LL.D, Litt.D.’’ Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research
34 (1924)

Previous articleMetal Bending
Next articleMassey, Gerald (1828–1907)