National Astrological Association (NAA)
At various intervals throughout the twentieth century, the
growing astrological community has been engaged in the arduous
process of organizing. The NAA, founded by Llewellyn
George, was one important step toward a national federation
of astrologers. It was organized in Hollywood, California, at a
convention held July 19–23, 1927. George was elected the first
president. In spite of the organizational name, membership
was drawn mainly from the West Coast. Original cooperating
members included most of the leading astrologers and astrological
organizations in California, the Torch Center of Vancouver,
British Columbia, and the Astrological Research Bureau
and School of Boston, Massachusetts. The NAA’s plans for
a campus-based astrological college were never brought to fruition.
It was eventually superseded by the American Federation
of Astrologers, organized in 1938.
Hartman, William C. Who’s Who in Occultism, New Thought,
Psychicism, and Spiritualism. Jamaica, N.Y. Occult Press, 1927.
Weschcke, Carl Llewellyn, and Stan Baker. The Truth About
Astrology. St. Paul Llewellyn Publications, 1989.
National Astrological Society (NASO)
Non-profit organization founded in 1968 to promote high
standards of practice and instruction in astrology, to facilitate
communications among astrologers through meetings and
publications, and to foster cooperation among persons and organizations
concerned with astrology. During the years of its
existence, NASO held annual conferences in cities throughout
North America, acted as an educational institution, maintained
an astrological library, and facilitated access to IBM computing
for members with high level projects.
Voting membership was open to professional or qualified
astrologers, non-voting membership for associates. The society
published the NASO Journal and the NASO International Astrological
Directory from it headquarters in New York City.
National Colored Spiritualist Association of
African Americans were among people attracted to the Spiritualist
movement, especially in the years following the formation
of the National Spiritualist Association (NSA) (now the National
Spiritualist Association of Churches) in 1893. A few
emerged as talented mediums. Because American society was
segregated at that time, African American members were organized
in ‘‘colored’’ auxiliary societies attached to the association.
In the period of heightened racial tension following
World War I, the leadership of the NSA decided to create a separate
all-black Spiritualist organization for their African American
members and appointed president Joseph P. Whitwell to
lead a meeting held in Cleveland, Ohio, on April 21, 1925.
Twenty delegates attended the meeting but six withdrew in
protest of the establishment of yet another segregated organization.
The remaining 14 formed themselves into what became
the first convention of the National Colored Spiritualist Association
of Churches (NCSAC). It elected Rev. John R. White president;
Sarah Harrington, vice-president; Mrs. C. W. Dennison,
secretary; and a Mr. Smith as treasurer.
The second national meeting of the NCSAC, held in 1926,
adopted a new constitution modeled on that of the NSA and established
a loose association of churches, mediums, and healers.
It followed the NSA ‘‘Declaration of Principles,’’ which affirmed
God as ‘‘Infinite Intelligence’’ and the possibility of
communication with the so-called dead through mediumship.
Happiness in this life came from obedience to the natural and
spiritual laws of the universe, according to the declaration.
Churches emerged from the auxiliary societies previously
established and the group served the African American community
into the 1970s. The NCSAC had strong competition
from the Spiritual churches, independent spiritualist churches
that also emerged in the 1920s and grew strong over the years.
The NCSAC continued into the 1970s but has not been heard
from in recent years and its present status is unknown.
Murphy, Larry, J. Gordon Melton, and Gary L. Ward. Encyclopedia
of African American Religion. New York Garland, 1993.
The National Spiritualist Association of United States of
America. One Hundredth Anniversary of Modern Spiritualism. The
Author, 1948.