Nicol, Betty (Elizabeth) Humphrey
Psychologist and parapsychologist. She was born Elizabeth
Humphrey on June 7, 1917, in Indianapolis, Indiana. She studied
at Earlham College, Richmond, Indiana (B.A. philosophy,
1940), and Duke University (Ph.D. psychology, 1946). While at
Earlham she became interested in psychical research and pursued
her doctoral degree at Duke in order to work with J. B.
Rhine. In the early 1950s she collaborated with her future husband
on attempts to discern the personality correlates of psychic
ability. In 1955 she married parapsychologist J. Fraser
Nicol. She undertook a detailed analysis of published precognition
cases in order to ascertain optimal psychological and
physical conditions for spontaneous precognition, a project
sponsored by a grant from the Parapsychology Foundation.
She also wrote a number of articles.
Nicol died in January 1993.
Berger, Arthur S., and Joyce Berger. The Encyclopedia of
Parapsychology and Psychical Research. New York Paragon
House, 1991.
Humphrey, Elizabeth. Handbook of Tests in Parapsychology.
Durham, N.C. Parapsychology Laboratory, 1948.
———. ‘‘Simultaneous High and Low Aim in PK Tests.’’
Journal of Parapsychology 11 (1947).
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology • 5th Ed. Nicol, Betty (Elizabeth) Humphrey
Pleasants, Helene, ed. Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology.
New York Helix Press, 1964

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