Nicoll, (Henry) Maurice (Dunlap)
(1884–1953)
Prominent British physician and psychologist who became
a leading exponent of the teachings of G. I. Gurdjieff and his
most prominent pupil, P. D. Ouspensky. Nicoll was born in
1884. He was educated at Aldenham School and Caius College,
Cambridge University, going on to study medicine at St. Bartholomew’s
Hospital, London, and in Vienna, Berlin, Paris,
and Zürich (B.A., M.B., B.C., Cambridge; M.R.C.S., London).
He was medical officer to Empire Hospital for injuries to the
nervous system, a lecturer in medical psychology at Birmingham
University, England, and a member of the British Psycho
Medical Society. He became a member of the editorial staff of
Journal of Neurology and Psychopathy. During World War I he
served in Gallipoli in 1915 and Mesopotamia in 1916.
After his study in Zürich, Nicoll emerged as an early Jungian
psychotherapist. In 1923 he spent a year with Gurdjieff and
later spent several years with Ouspensky. In his mature life he
founded his own groups based upon his understanding of his
teachers’ ideas, and ultimately became known as one of the
most perceptive of their interpreters. The problems of traveling
and meeting with his groups during World War II spurred
his putting his insights on paper, a practice he continued until
his death on August 30, 1953.
Sources
Driscoll, J. Walter. Gurdjieff An Annotated Bibliography. New
York Garland Publishing, 1985.
Nicoll, Maurice. Dream Psychology. Oxford Henry Frowde,
1917.
———. Living Time and the Integration of Life. London Vincent
Stuart, 1952.
———. The Mark (On the Symbolism of Various Passages from
the Bible). London Watkins, 1954.
———. The New Man An Interpretation of Some Parables and
Miracles of Christ. London Start & Richard, 1950.
———. Psychological Commentaries on the Teaching of G. I.
Gurdjieff and P. D. Ouspensky. 5 vols. London Vincent Stuart,
1954, 1964, 1966