Otani, Soji (1924– )
Japanese psychologist who founded the Japanese Society
for Parapsychology. He was born on December 8, 1924, in
Chiba Prefecture, Honshu, Japan. He studied at the University
of Tokyo (B.A. 1949), became a research fellow at the National
Institute of Education, Tokyo (1951–52), and a lecturer at
Chiba University, Chiba-shi (1952–60). In 1960, Otani began
his career as a professor at the Defense Academy Yokosuka-shi.
Otani was a charter associate of the Parapsychological Association
and councilor at the Japan Psychic Science Association,
Tokyo. Otani studied and conducted experiments in Extrasensory
Perception (ESP) and Psychokinesis (PK) through the
1970s. In the late 1970s, he headed a team studing the Japanese
psychic Masuaki Kiyota in metal-bending and nengraphy
(psychic photography); Kiyota later admitted the results were
fraudulent. Otani is generally credited with helping to establish
parapsychology in Japan.
Sources
Otani, Soji. ‘‘The Aim of Parapsychology.’’ Journal of Psychical
Research and Spiritualism (1955).
———. ‘‘The Method of ESP Card Testing.’’ Journal of Psychical
Research and Spiritualism (1951).
———. ‘‘Relations of Mental Set and Change of Skin Resistance
to ESP Scores.’’ Journal of Parapsychology (1955).
———. ‘‘Studies on the Influence of Mental and Physiological
Conditions Upon ESP Function.’’ Journal of the Department
of Liberal Arts (Defense Academy) (1959).
———. ‘‘A Survey of Public Opinion on Psychical Phenomena’’
Journal of Psychical Research and Spiritualism (1951)

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