(ca. 23–79 C.E.)
Roman historian who studied firsthand, and died during,
the eruption of Vesuvius on August 24, 79 C.E., and was one of
the earliest writers to record that animals behaved in an unusual
way prior to earthquakes. Many of his writings no longer
exist, but one surviving work is Naturalis Historia. It consists of
37 books, with a mathematical and physical description of the
world, and covering geography, ethnography, anthropology,
human physiology, zoology, botany, agriculture, horticulture,
materia medica, mineralogy, painting, modelling, and sculpture.
Although Pliny was skeptical about magic and astrology,
he described many of the occult beliefs of his time. (See also
earthquake prediction)