Prince, Morton (1854–1929)
Physician, neurologist, and psychologist whose career
peaked as psychical research was maturing. He was born on December
21, 1854, at Boston, Massachusetts. He studied at Boston
Latin School, Harvard (B.A., 1875), and Harvard Medical
School (M.D., 1879). He was particularly interested in the work
of Jean Charcot and Pierre Janet in hysteria and hypnosis. He
was a physician for diseases of the nervous system at Boston
Dispensary (1882–86) and Boston City Hospital (1885–1913),
an instructor in neurology at Harvard Medical School
(1895–98), a professor of neurology at Tufts Medical School
(1902–12), and subsequently professor emeritus. He was an associate
professor in abnormal and dynamic psychology at Harvard
University for two years at the end of his life (1926–28).
Prince was an outstanding neurologist. He founded and, for
almost a quarter of a century, edited the Journal of Abnormal Psychology
(1906–29), and in 1911 he was elected president of the
American Psychological Association. His book on The Dissociation
of a Personality (1906) dealt with the famous case of ‘‘Sally
Beauchamp’’ and is considered a basic work in the field of abnormal
psychology, with an important bearing on the parapsychological
phenomenon of secondary and multiple personality.
Prince was a member of the American Society for Psychical
Research and contributed articles to the Society’s Proceedings.
He authored a number of books including The Nature of Mind
and Human Automatism (1885), the title most directly related to
parapsychological concerns. He died August 31, 1929.
Sources
Prince, Morton. ‘‘A Contribution to the Study of Hysteria.’’
Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 14 (1899).
———. ‘‘The Development and Genealogy of the Misses
Beauchamp.’’ Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research
15 (1900–01).
———. The Nature of Mind and Human Automatism. Philadelphia
J. B. Lippincott, 1885.
Taylor, W. S. Morton Prince and Abnormal Psychology. New
York; London D. Appleton & Co., 1928.