A term coined by J. Rhodes Buchanan, pioneer writer on
psychometry, to denote a therapeutic science of the relationship
between body and brain. He advanced the ideas that the
whole body is expressive; that the entire form is an embodiment
of character; that each part of the evolving surface not
only possesses a physiological characteristic but also psychological
powers; and that each portion of this cutaneous surface exercises,
through the nervous system, a direct action upon some
particular part of the brain. Buchanan believed that understanding
these relationships could have great value in the treatment
of disease.