Spriggs, George (1850–1912)
British materialization medium. The first records of his
phenomena date from 1877 to 1879. Having discovered his
psychic gifts, he became a nonprofessional medium and conducted
séances for The Circle of Light in Cardiff, Wales. He
had two Indian controls ‘‘Swiftwater’’ and ‘‘Shiwaukee,’’ who
was ‘‘captured’’ from the medium Mary J. Hollis (also known
as Mrs. Billings), with whom Spriggs sat in London.
The unique feature of Spriggs’ séances was supposedly that
the phantoms that appeared moved at a distance from the medium,
walked about the house, went out into the garden in evening
light (on one occasion three phantoms did this simultaneously),
and sometimes changed into the form of somebody
else. These visitors were seen by next-door neighbors, who
threatened to call the police for ‘‘dealings with the devil.’’
In November 1880, Spriggs went to Melbourne, Australia.
Similar phenomena were reported there spirits who held out
heavy objects, drank water, ate biscuits, and wrote letters to former
sitters. After six years, the materializations ceased, but
other phenomena remained. Spriggs gave direct voice sittings
and clairvoyant diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
In 1900, he returned to England, and from 1903 until 1905
he gave free medical advice in the rooms of the London Spiritualist
Alliance. The Psycho-Therapeutic Society was largely
formed through his efforts. For years he diagnosed diseases for
the society without charge.
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology • 5th Ed. Spriggs, George
Berger, Arthur S., and Joyce Berger. The Encyclopedia of
Parapsychology and Psychical Research. New York Paragon
House, 1991.
Denovan, W. C. D. The Evidences of Spiritualism. Melbourne,

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