A name applied by Dietrich G. Kieser (1779–1862) to animal
magnetism. He was one of the early scientific investigators
who supported the reality of the phenomenon and drew attention
to its legal aspects. ‘‘Téméraire,’’ Charles (or Charles the
Bold) (1433–1477)
Duke of Burgundy (1467–1477) in the fifteenth century.
During his reign the state enjoyed its height of political, economic,
and cultural power. According to legend, he disappeared
after the battle of Morat on June 22, 1477, when he was
defeated. It was said by his chroniclers that he was carried off
by the devil; others maintained that he had withdrawn to a remote
spot and become a hermit.
More sober accounts state, however, that he perished in the
battle and that his mutilated body was discovered several days
later. Charles was introduced into two novels by Sir Walter
Scott—Quentin Durward and Anne of Geirstein. The latter novel
contains an account of the battle of Nancy, before the fatal encounter
at Morat.