The Microcosm
From the Greek Micros, small; and Kosmos, a world. The ‘‘little
world’’ of the human being, as distinct from the macrocosm,
or great world, of the universe. The relationship between microcosm
and macrocosm has preoccupied philosophers for
many centuries, with the macrocosm believed to be symbolized
in the microcosm. According to some occultists, the microcosm
was itself symbolized by the pentagram, or pentacle,—a fivepointed
star believed to represent humanity and the summation
of the occult forces. Paracelsus held that this sign had a
marvelous magical power over spirits and that all magic figures
and kabalistic signs could be reduced to two—the microcosm
and the macrocosm. (See also magical diagrams