Tischner, Rudolf (1879–1961)
Ophthalmologist of Munich, who entered the ranks of leading
German psychical researchers in 1919 with the publication
of his Über Telepathie und Hellsehen, one of the groundworks on
the subject (translated into English as Telepathy and Clairvoyance,
1925). It was followed in 1920 by a small book on the clairvoyant
Ludwig Aub, Einführung in den Okkultismus and Spiritismus,
and Monismus und Okkultismus.
Tischner was also the author of many small monographs
and of a large historic work Geschichte der okkultistischen Forschung.
Von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (1924), which was published
as the second volume to August F. Ludwig’s Geschichte der
okkultistischen Forschung bis zur Gegenwart . . . Mitte des 19
Jahrhunderts. It is a comprehensive and careful survey of the history
of psychical research. The Society for Psychical Research,
London, honored this work by making Tischner a corresponding
member. He published a study under the title
Fernfühlen und Mesmerismus, (1925) which deals with the experiments
of Eugerne Rochas on the exteriorization of sensibility.
With his research, lectures, and propaganda work Tischner
did a great deal for the advancement of psychic science in Germany
prior to the disruptions of the Nazi era.
His later books included Der Okkultimus als Natur und
Geisteswissenschaft (Occultism as a Natural and Philosophical
Science, 1926), Ergebnisse Okkulter Forschung (Results of Occult
Research, 1950), and Geschichte der Parapsychologie (History of
Parapsychology, 1960). Tischner was among the first to use the
term ‘‘extrasensory perception’’ before it was adopted by J. B.
Rhine. He died April 24, 1961 at Vierhöfen, Germany.
Sources
Berger, Arthur S., and Joyce Berger. The Encyclopedia of
Parapsychology and Psychical Research. New York Paragon
House, 1991.
Tischner, Rudolf. Franz Anton Mesmer Leben, Werk und
Wïrkungen. Munchen Verlag der Müncher Drucke, 1928.
———. Geschichte der okkultistischen Forschung. Pfülling Johannes
Baum Verlag, 1924.