Tomczyk, Stanislawa (Mrs. Everard
Feilding) (ca. 1920)
Non-professional Polish medium, the subject of the experiments
of Julien Ochorowicz in 1908–9, at Wisla, Poland. Tomczyk
was regularly hypnotized by Ochorowicz for therapeutic
purposes, when she became controlled by an entity called ‘‘Little
Stasia.’’ She could produce movement of objects without
contact (telekinesis), stop the movement of a clock in a glass
case, and influence a roulette wheel to the extent that the numbers
chosen by the medium turned up more often than justified
by chance.
Ochorowicz hypothesized that the physical movements were
performed by rigid ‘‘rays’’ projecting from the fingers of the
medium. The medium’s hands were thoroughly examined and
washed before each séance. A small object, such as a ball, cork,
matchbox, or scissors, was placed before her on a table. The
medium then placed her fingers about six to eight inches from
the sides of the object. The object would move and eventually
rise in the air, floating between the medium’s fingers on each
Sometimes investigators claimed to feel a subtle ‘‘thread,’’
but it was a psychic line of force, not a material thread. Ochorowicz
stated ‘‘I have felt this thread on my hand, on my face,
on my hair. When the medium separates her hands the thread
gets thinner and disappears; it gives the same sensation as a
spider’s web. If it is cut with scissors its continuity is immediately
restored . . . it is then seen to be much thinner than an ordinary
thread.’’ These observations have a strong resemblance to
the od, the claimed ‘‘odic force’’ of Baron Karl von Reichenbach,
which sensitive individuals claimed to see in a darkened
room issuing from the fingertips. However, Tomczyk’s phenomena
took place in good light.
‘‘Little Stasia’’ was a mischievous entity who played many
tricks on the medium. She said herself that she was not the spirit
of any dead person. The medium considered her, at first, as
her double. This was Ochorowicz’s opinion, too, until he was
shaken in this view by having obtained Little Stasia’s photograph,
as announced by her, in an empty room with all light
excluded, while the medium in a normal condition was with
him in an adjoining room.
Theodore Flournoy witnessed a séance in Paris in 1909. It
left him ‘‘in no doubt as to the reality of simple telekinesis.’’
However, at a later series of séances at Geneva to which, besides
Flournoy, Professors Clarapède, Cellerier, Batelli, and
Flournoy’s son were invited, the expectations of the sitters were
not fulfilled.
In 1910, Tomczyk was investigated at the Physical Laboratory
in Warsaw by a group of scientists. She produced remarkable
physical phenomena under strict test conditions. Baron
Schrenck-Notzing described the experiments in his Physikalische
Phenomene des Mediumismus, München, 1920. Charles Richet
quoted his own observations in his book Traité de Métapsychique,
(1922) (translated as Thirty Years of Psychical Research,
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology • 5th Ed. Tomczyk, Stanislawa (Mrs. Everard Feilding)
In 1919, Tomczyk married the distinguished British psychical
researcher F. H. Everard Feilding (1867–1936), and seems
to have discontinued séances.
Berger, Arthur S., and Joyce Berger. The Encyclopedia of
Parapsychology and Psychical Research. New York Paragon
House, 1991.
Feilding, Evarard. ‘‘Note on the English Sittings with Miss
Tomczyk.’’ Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 17
Richet, Charles. Traité de Métapsychique. N.p., 1922. English
edition as Thirty Years of Psychical Research. New York Macmillan,
1923. Reprint, New York Arno Press, 1975.