Trithemius (Johann) (1462–1519)
Alchemist and magician. The son of a German vine grower
named Heidenberg, he received his Latin name from Trittenheim,
a village in the electorate of Trêves, where he was born.
He lost his father when he was a year old, and his mother remarried.
Trithemius worked all day in the vineyards and studied at
night. He read whatever books he could beg or borrow. With
his share of the patrimony bequeathed by his father, Trithemius
went to Trêves, entered as student at the university, and assumed
the name of Trithemius.
By the age of 20, Trithemius had acquired the reputation of
a scholar. In the winter of 1482, he left Trêves and returned to
Trittenheim to visit his mother.
On arriving at Spanheim, Trithemius found the roads impassable
due to snow. He went to a neighboring Benedictine
monastery. There he stayed for several days. He liked the monastery
and voluntarily took the monastic vows and retired from
the world. In the course of two years, he was elected abbot and
devoted himself to the repair and improvement of the monastery.
After 21 years as abbot, the monks elected another abbot.
Trithemius left Spanheim and wandered from place to place,
until finally elected abbot of St. James of Wurzburg, where he
died in 1519.
Trithemius devised a shorthand called stenoganographia,
stigmatized as a Kabalistic and necromantic writing, concealing
his most fearful, occult secrets. He wrote a treatise on the subject,
another on the supposed administration of the world by
its guardian angels, translated into English in 1647 by the astrologer
William Lilly. He wrote a third book on geomancy,
or divination by means of lines and circles on the ground, a
fourth upon sorcery, and a fifth on alchemy. In his work on sorcery,
Trithemius made an early mention of the popular story
of Faust, and recorded his experiences with the spirit named
Hudekin.
Reportedly, Trithemius gave the Emperor Maximilian a vision
of his deceased wife, the beautiful Mary of Burgundy. Reputedly
he defrayed the expenses of his monastic establishment
at Spanheim by resources obtained from the philosophers’
stone.
Sources
Seligmann, Kurt. The History of Magic. New York Pantheon
Books, 1948. Reprinted as Magic, Supernaturalism and Religion.
New York Pantheon Books, 1971.