Tuttle, Hudson (1836–1910)
American seer of the early days of Spiritualism. Tuttle was
born October 4, 1836, in Berlin Heights, Ohio, and spent his
early years in a wilderness on the southern shores of Lake Erie.
His father’s house was the headquarters for itinerant Unitarian
preachers and the atmosphere was burdened with dogmatic
disputations. As a result young Tuttle became at an early age
skeptical of organized religion.
Tuttle attended his first Spiritualist séance at the home of
a retired Congregational minister who had heard of the Rochester
rappings and called in a few friends for an experiment.
Tuttle fell into trance and wrote spirit messages automatically.
Simultaneously with his automatic writing, raps developed
and the table moved. The séances were free. The communicators,
in hours of seclusion, were his teachers. ‘‘It was my only
source of knowledge,’’ he wrote in the preface to his book Arcana
of Spiritualism (1871), ‘‘for I had access to few books. I had
attended school eleven months in all, six of which were at a district
school, and five at a small academy.’’
In 1857, he married Emma Rood, writer, lecturer on education,
composer of songs, and a frequent contributor to the Spiritualist
The first article Tuttle published was on prayer in The Spiritual
Telegraph. He often wrote and rewrote a script several times
before the communicator would declare the result satisfactory.
He began writing a story founded on spirit life. It was entitled
Scenes in the Spirit World (1855). In England it was published
under the title Life in Two Spheres (1895). After completing it,
he began a scientific work, Arcana of Nature.
His impression was that the French naturalist Lamarck and
Alexander von Humboldt, along with other intelligences, were
associated in the production of the book. But he knew nothing
of these great minds. He was only entering his eighteenth year.
When the book was completed, his spirit guides declared it to
be unsatisfactory and demanded the destruction of the script.
Reluctantly he burned the large bulk of the manuscript and
started again.
For two years, the remaining manuscript lay on his table and
he made some correction or addition to it nearly every day. The
engravings in both volumes were made by the same influences
that wrote the book. He claimed no merit for himself and said
‘‘Mine has been the task of an amanuensis, writing that which
has been given to me. I claim no honour, except honestly and
faithfully attempting to perform my part of the task.’’
Arcana of Nature, two volumes, published 1860–63, was certainly
a remarkable book for the time. It was quoted by F. C.
L. Büchner in his own book Force and Matter (1864) to strengthen
his materialistic position, while Charles Darwin in the Descent
of Man quoted statements from Tuttle’s later Origin and
Antiquity of Physical Man. Both Büchner and Darwin were unaware
that the book was produced by an uneducated farm boy.
The spirit controls were good educators. But Tuttle never
gave up his modest life as a farmer and breeder of horses in
Berlin Heights, Ohio. The spirit influences did not come to
Tuttle at all times. He said
‘‘Sometimes I have prolific periods, and again, I go over a
deserted country. For days, weeks, even months, I feel forsaken
and alone. The very fountains of thought seem dried up. No
incitement can compel me to write, or if I attempt to do so it
is worthless, or worse, unreliable. It sometimes seems to me
that I have never written anything of value, and I am sure I
never can again. At the same time, when I study it, this experience
is one of the most convincing tests that some superior intelligence
comes into my life.’’
He died December 15, 1910, in Berlin Heights, Ohio.
Tuttle, Hudson. Career of Religious Ideas. New York D. M.
Bennett, 1878.
———. Career of the Christ—Idea in History. Boston Adams,
———. Career of the God—Idea in History. Boston Adams,
———. Ethics of Spiritualism. Chicago Religio-Philosophical
Publishing, 1878.
———. Mediumship and Its Laws. Chicago Progressive
Thinker Publishing, 1900.
———. Philosophy of Spirit and the Spirit World. London H.
A. Copley; Berlin Heights, Ohio H. Tuttle, 1896.
———. Religion of Man and Ethics of Science. New York M.
L. Holbrook, 1890.
———. Studies in Outlying Fields of Psychic Science. New York
M. L. Holbrook, 1889.
Tuttle, Hudson, and Emma Rood Tuttle. Stories from Beyond
the Borderland. Berlin Heights, Ohio Tuttle Publsihing, 1910.