Ullman, Montague (1916– )
Psychiatrist, parapsychologist, and trustee of the American
Society for Psychical Research. He was born on September 9,
1916, in New York City and studied at the City College of New
York (B.S., 1935), New York University College of Medicine
(M.D., 1938), and New York Medical College (1948). After
graduation, he joined the psychoanalytic faculty of New York
Medical College (1950–62). Having encountered psi events in
his counseling work, he began to work with Gardner Murphy
in exploring ESP experimentally. With Murphy and Laura
Dale, he helped establish the medical section of the ASPR. The
section lasted until 1953.
That same year, the REM (or rapid eye movement) stage of
sleep was discovered. Ullman soon had the idea of using REM
sleep in a controlled experiment in telepathy. With funds provided
by the Parapsychology Foundation, Ullman, Karlis Osis,
and E. Douglas Dean carried out the initial experiments. Murphy
then arranged for a large grant for the establishment of the
famous Dream Laboratory at Maimonides Hospital in New
York City. Ullman became its initial director and an associate
professor of psychiatry at Downstate Medical Center, State
University of New York. The work of the dream laboratory produced
some striking results, leading Ullman to conclude that
altered states of consciousness, such as dreaming, were associated
with ESP.
In 1966 Ullman was elected president of the Parapsychological
Association. He is the author of numerous papers
and several books, the most important for parapsychology
being his work on dream telepathy.
Ullman, Montague. ‘‘On the Occurrence of Telepathic
Dreams.’’ Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research
(April 1959).
Ullman, Montague, and Roberto Cavanna, eds. Proceedings
of an International Conference on Hypnosis, Drugs, Dreams and Psi
Psi and Altered States of Consciousness. New York Parapsychology
Foundation, 1968.
Ullman, Montague, and Stanley Krippner. Dream Studies and
Telepathy An Experimental Approach. New York Parapsychology
Foundation, 1970.
Ullman, Montague, Stanley Krippner, and Alan Vaughan.
Dream Telepathy. 1979. Reprint, Los Angeles J. P. Tarcher,
Ullman, Montague, and Nan Zimmerman. Working with
Dreams. London Hutchinson, 1983.