Zschokke, (Johannes) Heinrich (Daniel)
German-Swiss writer, actor, and pastor, born at Magdeburg,
March 22, 1771. He was educated at Frankfurt-on-Oder, where
he studied theology, philosophy, and jurisprudence. He encountered
difficulties with authorities on account of his pronounced
political opinions, but eventually concentrated on
writing plays and Gothic romances influenced by Sir Walter
Scott. His romance Abaeillino, der grosse Bandit was produced in
1794 and had an enormous success, being dramatized the following
year. It was adapted by the English writer Matthew
Gregory Lewis as The Bravo of Venice in 1804 and greatly influenced
themes in Gothic romance. Zschokke died at Aarau June
27, 1848.